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VirtualBox VMs without GUI (headless)

Useful commands for VirtualBox.

Note: Please check if kernel updates is available from /etc/yum.conf. After install all packages you can disable kernel updates.

Steps for installing VirtualBox on CentOS without GUI.

sudo yum install wget dkms kernel-devel-$(uname -r) kernel-headers-$(uname -r)

# Repo (for Debian please look here )
cd /etc/yum.repos.d
# VirtualBox
sudo yum install VirtualBox-4.3.x86_64
# VirtualBox: Setup
sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup
sudo VBoxManage extpack install ./Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.3.14-95030.vbox-extpack
# Add you username to VirtualBox group
sudo usermod -a -G vboxusers teo
# New VM
VBoxManage createvm --name "${VM}" --register
VBoxManage modifyvm "${VM}" --cpus 1
VBoxManage modifyvm "${VM}" --memory 2048 --acpi on
VBoxManage modifyvm "${VM}" --ostype "Windows7_64"
VBoxManage modifyvm "${VM}" --nic1 nat
#VBoxManage modifyvm "${VM}" --nic1 bridged --bridgeadapter1 eth0
# Create HDD
FILE=~/"VirtualBox VMs"/"${VM}"/"${VM}".vmdk
VBoxManage createhd --filename "${FILE}" --format VMDK --size 102400
VBoxManage storagectl "${VM}" --name "IDE Controller" --add ide
VBoxManage storageattach "${VM}" --storagectl "IDE Controller" --port 0 --device 0 --type hdd --medium "${FILE}"
# Attach ISO file
VBoxManage storageattach "${VM}" --storagectl "IDE Controller" --port 1 --device 0 --type dvddrive --medium "${FILE}"

# Attach vmdk
VBoxManage storagectl "${VM}" --name "IDE Controller" --add ide
VBoxManage storageattach "${VM}" --storagectl sata_1 --storagectl "IDE Controller" --port 0 --device 0 --type hdd --medium ./x.vmdk
# Useful
# List VMs
VBoxManage list vms
# Remove a VM
VBoxManage modifyvm "${VM}" --hda none
VBoxManage unregistervm "${VM}" --delete
# PowerON
VBoxHeadless --startvm "${VM}"
# PowerOFF
VBoxManage controlvm "${VM}" poweroff